Are You A Candidate for PRP: Frequently Asked Questions

What does PRP stand for?

PRP stands for Platelet Rich Plasma. Plasma is the liquid aspect of our blood. It houses all the cellular components such as red and white blood cells, as well as platelets. Platelets naturally make up only 10% of our blood’s cellular components. In PRP, the platelet ratio is flipped to 90% platelets. Therefore, PRP is plasma rich in platelets.

What is PRP therapy?

PRP is a progressive non-surgical healing treatment used in the field of non-surgical orthopaedics and sports medicine. When injected into an affected area, PRP speeds healing. PRP is your own blood modified in a way to produce mega doses of your body’s own healing “ingredients” that are stored in our platelets. The medical term for these ingredients is called Growth Factors.

Am I a candidate?

Dr. McConnell will assess each patient and determine whether PRP is an effective course of treatment. Soft tissue injuries are the most responsive to PRP. This includes tendonitis, tendinosis, tendon tears, ligament sprains or tears, loose ligaments, and muscle tears. PRP has also been effective at treating cartilage degeneration such as arthritis as well as labrum tears in joints. Injuries not within these parameters are best treated with surgery and/or physician therapy.

What is the PRP treatment?

First, approximately one hour prior to patient’s scheduled PRP therapy, the patient’s blood is collected and then spun in a centrifuge specifically designed to concentrate platelets for PRP purposes. Second, topical and injected local anesthetic is provided to the affected region. Third, the needle is advanced in real time under musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSKUS) guidance, until the problem target site is reached. There is excellent visualization on MSKUS as the PRP flows into the affected region within 2mm proximity of the anatomical abnormality.

What Conditions Are Commonly Treated With PRP?

Knee:
Patellar Tendinitis, Patellar Femoral Syndrome, chondromalacia patella, partially torn or strained major ligaments of knee (ACL/LCL/MCL), meniscus tears, arthritis, patellar instability

Hip:
IIliotibial Band Tendinitis (ITB Syndrome), Psoas Tendinitis and bursitis, Greater Trochanteric Bursitis, Hip labrum tears, Piriformis Syndrome, Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction, arthritis

Shoulder:
Rotator Cuff Tendinitis or Tear, Rotator Cuff Impingement Syndrome or Bursitis, Bicipital Tendinitis, labrum tears, arthritis, instability

Wrist/Hand:
DeQuervaine’s Tenosynovitis, arthritis, other wrist or finger tendinitis, ligament tears or dysfunction of the fingers

Elbow:
Elbow tendonitis and epicondylitis, arthritis

Ankle/Foot:
Achilles Tendinitis, Peroneal Tendinitis, arthritis, recurrent ankle sprains, other foot or ankle tendinitis

Does PRP heal injuries?

Unlike Cortisone shots, PRP actually heals the injured region.

Growth Factors are released from large quantities of activated platelets at the site of injury. This leads to an induced inflammatory reaction that initiates a powerful effective healing cascade. Growth factors stimulate blood flow, promote matrix formation which is the “groundwork” of all soft tissue, restore tendon and ligamentous proteins that may have been previously compromised, and “toughen up” cartilage to become more firm and resilient.

How many treatments do you need?

One to three treatments depending on the degree of injury and how long the injury has been there. In some instances, a fourth treatment is provided.

How far apart are treatments spaced?

Typically 4-6 weeks if indicated.

Is PRP covered by insurance?

Only a portion of PRP is covered by insurance. Call 843-284-5200 to receive a quote.

How long does it take the PRP to “work”?

Most patients notice some element of improvement by 2-6 weeks after PRP.

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